CSS: Colors,Saturation

COLORS:

A Colors are specified using predefined color names, or RGB, HEX, HSL, RGBA, HSLA values.

Color Names:

A color can be specified by using a color name in HTML

  1. Tomato
  2. orange
  3. DodgerBlue
  4. Medium seagreen
  5. gray
  6. slateblue
  7. Violet
  8. Lightgray

Background Color:

You can set the background color for HTML elements:

Example:

<h1 style=”background-color:DodgerBlue;”>Hello World</h1>
<p style=”background-color:Tomato;”>Lorem ipsum…</p>

Text Color:

Hello World

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat.

Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Example:

<h1 style=”color:Tomato;”>Hello World</h1>
<p style=”color:DodgerBlue;”>Lorem ipsum…</p>
<p style=”color:MediumSeaGreen;”>Ut wisi enim…</p>

RGB Value:

In HTML, a color can be specified as an RGB value, using this formula:

rgb(red, green, blue)

Each parameter (red, green, and blue) defines the intensity of the color between 0 and 255.

For example, rgb(255, 0, 0) is displayed as red, because red is set to its highest value (255) and the others are set to 0.

To display the color black, all color parameters must be set to 0, like this: rgb(0, 0, 0).

To display the color white, all color parameters must be set to 255, like this: rgb(255, 255, 255).

HEX Value:

n HTML, a color can be specified using a hexadecimal value in the form:

#rrggbb

Where rr (red), gg (green) and bb (blue) are hexadecimal values between 00 and ff (same as decimal 0-255).

For example, #ff0000 is displayed as red, because red is set to its highest value (ff) and the others are set to the lowest value (00).

HSL Value:

In HTML, a color can be specified using hue, saturation, and lightness (HSL) in the form:

hsl(hue, saturation, lightness)

Hue is a degree on the color wheel from 0 to 360. 0 is red, 120 is green, and 240 is blue.

Saturation is a percentage value, 0% means a shade of gray, and 100% is the full color.

Lightness is also a percentage, 0% is black, 50% is neither light or dark, 100% is white

In HTML, a color can be specified using hue, saturation, and lightness (HSL) in the form:

hsl(hue, saturation, lightness)

Saturation:

Saturation can be describe as the intensity of a color.

100% is pure color, no shades of gray

50% is 50% gray, but you can still see the color.

0% is completely gray, you can no longer see the color.

Lightness:

The lightness of a color can be described as how much light you want to give the color, where 0% means no light (black), 50% means 50% light (neither dark nor light) 100% means full lightness (white).

Shades of gray are often defined by setting the hue and saturation to 0, and adjust the lightness from 0% to 100% to get darker/lighter shades

RGBA Value:

RGBA color values are an extension of RGB color values with an alpha channel – which specifies the opacity for a color.

An RGBA color value is specified with:

rgba(red, green, blue, alpha)

The alpha parameter is a number between 0.0 (fully transparent) and 1.0 (not transparent at all)

HSLA Value:

HSLA color values are an extension of HSL color values with an alpha channel – which specifies the opacity for a color.

An HSLA color value is specified with:

hsla(hue, saturation, lightness, alpha)

The alpha parameter is a number between 0.0 (fully transparent) and 1.0 (not transparent at all)

 

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